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ن : امیر صادقی
ت : دوشنبه 9 اردیبهشت 1392

Estimation of the traffic accidents costs in Serbia by using dominant costs model

This paper presents estimation of the traffic accident costs in Serbia, based on original dominant costs model. Dominant costs model uses human capital approach and this model is developed for simple and quick calculation of the traffic accidents costs, because other simple methods as 1 million rules, are not suitable for estimation of the traffic accident costs in the countries with a low GDP per capita. Knowing the costs of traffic accidents is of crucial importance for establishing traffic safety to the level defined by the size of costs made as a consequence of unsafely. So, politicians, decision makers and stakeholders in the field of traffic safety often need quick estimation of the traffic accident costs and economic effects of the particular measures which are applied for decreasing the number and severity of traffic accidents. The estimation of the level of the traffic accidents costs in Serbia, based on the official data (from the Ministry of Interior of the Republic of Serbia) about traffic accidents in Serbia for 2008 is shown in this paper and the comparison between predicted and calculated value of the traffic accident costs for 2009 is also presented.




:: مرتبط با: فروش مقاله علمی اقتصادی ısı , مقاله اقتصادی انگلیسی ısı پولی , اقتصاد توسعه و رشد ، گردشگری ، , مطالعات فرهنگی اقتصادی isi , مطالعات اجتماعی اقتصادی ısı , اقتصاد صنعت , اقتصاد صنعت خودر سازی , اقتصاد خرد isi ,
:: برچسب‌ها: traffic accident costs , dominant costs model , human capital approach ,
ن : امیر صادقی
ت : دوشنبه 9 اردیبهشت 1392

Estimating the import demand function for China

This paper estimates the import demand elasticity for China using three fully efficient cointegrating regressions and the autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) method. This paper is the first to accommodate the perception of global risk in an investigation of the information transmission mechanism between the relationship import demand and its determinants in China. The empirical results show that real imports are cointegrated with domestic economic activity, real effective exchange rate, and the perception of global risk. Domestic income is found to have a significantly positive effect on imports. Contrary to theory, the real effective exchange rate carries negative coefficients, which suggests that a decrease in external competitiveness (appreciation) will decrease the level of imports in the case of China. One of the reasons for this may be the tied anti-dumping duty on some import items. Since the perception of global risk adversely affects China's aggregated imports, policy-makers should consider the degree to which the perception of global risk affects the implementation of trade policies.




:: مرتبط با: فروش مقاله علمی اقتصادی ısı , مقاله اقتصادی انگلیسی ısı پولی , اقتصاد توسعه و رشد ، گردشگری ، , اقتصاد سیاسی ، سیاست اقتصادی ، دولت ısı , اقتصاد صنعت , اقتصاد بازار ، بورس ، کسب و کار، سرمایه ، بازاریابی ، بخش خصوصی ısı , اقتصاد کلان ısı ,
ن : امیر صادقی
ت : دوشنبه 9 اردیبهشت 1392

Developments in International Franchising

In this article some of the recent developments in international franchising are analysed and their implications considered. The emphasis is on business format franchising which, although still less important overall than product and tradename franchising, has been growing at a faster rate, and there are prospects of conversions to the business format version in the oil industry retailing sector. The spread of international franchising has continued to extend, stimulated by the demand for franchising concepts at the consumer level, and by the active interest of a wide range of buyers of franchise systems in different countries who see franchising as providing new business opportunities. The international franchising scene has become more competitive however, as new local systems have continued to extend, stimulated by the demand for franchise concepts at the consumer level, and by the active interest of a wide range of buyers of franchise systems in different countries who see franchising as providing new business opportunities. The international franchising scene has become more competitive however, as new local systems have continued to arise in different countries, and some have begun international operations.




    :: مرتبط با: فروش مقاله علمی اقتصادی ısı , مقاله اقتصادی انگلیسی ısı پولی , اقتصاد سیاسی ، سیاست اقتصادی ، دولت ısı , اقتصاد صنعت , اقتصاد بازار ، بورس ، کسب و کار، سرمایه ، بازاریابی ، بخش خصوصی ısı ,
    :: برچسب‌ها: Developments in International Franchising , although still less important overall than product and tradename franchising ,
    ن : امیر صادقی
    ت : دوشنبه 9 اردیبهشت 1392
    Do social media marketing activities enhance customer equity? An empirical study of luxury fashion brand ☆
    In light of a growing interest in the use of social media marketing (SMM) among luxury fashion brands, this study set out to identify attributes of SMM activities and examine the relationships among those perceived activities, value equity, relationship equity, brand equity, customer equity, and purchase intention through a structural equation model. Five constructs of perceived SSM activities of luxury fashion brands are entertainment, interaction, trendiness, customization, and word of mouth. Their effects on value equity, relationship equity, and brand equity are significantly positive. For the relationship between customer equity drivers and customer equity, brand equity has significant negative effect on customer equity while value equity and relationship equity show no significant effect. As for purchase intention, value equity and relationship equity had significant positive effects, while relationship equity had no significant influence. Finally, the relationship between purchase intention and customer equity has significance. The findings of this study can enable luxury brands to forecast the future purchasing behavior of their customers more accurately and provide a guide to managing their assets and marketing activities as well.





                                                                                      



    :: مرتبط با: فروش مقاله علمی اقتصادی ısı , مقاله اقتصادی انگلیسی ısı پولی , مطالعات فرهنگی اقتصادی isi , مطالعات اجتماعی اقتصادی ısı , اقتصاد صنعت , اقتصاد بازار ، بورس ، کسب و کار، سرمایه ، بازاریابی ، بخش خصوصی ısı ,
    :: برچسب‌ها: Do social media marketing activities enhance customer equity? An empirical study of luxury fashion brand ☆ ,
    ن : امیر صادقی
    ت : دوشنبه 9 اردیبهشت 1392
    ن : امیر صادقی
    ت : دوشنبه 9 اردیبهشت 1392
    ن : امیر صادقی
    ت : دوشنبه 9 اردیبهشت 1392

    Anatomy of crisis management: lessons from the infamous Toyota Case

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the issue of crisis management within the Toyota Corporation's series of worldwide recalls for multiple malfunctions on a number of different Toyota brands of vehicles. The analysis relates to the difficulty now faced by Toyota, previously recognized as the world's leading manufacturer of automotive vehicles. The crisis became so great that Toyota corporate leaders even traveled from Japan to testify before a US Congressional Committee hearing.

    Design/methodology/approach – A crisis, typically considered to be a negative issue, can be a positive event in the life of a business firm, such as Toyota, if the management involved seizes the opportunity to make appropriate changes in its operations to facilitate continuing positive growth and development. However, this opportunity was not initially addressed by Toyota in a meaningful way, and the crisis continued to evolve through subsequent stages, bringing a vast array of negative international criticism. The crisis management paradigm that is the focus for this case identifies four stages of a crisis – the preliminary (pre-) crisis, acute crisis, chronic crisis, and crisis resolution. The present crisis deals with several different malfunctions that were identified, apparently by customers, in various Toyota brands, but publically ignored by Toyota's management. Therefore, the pre-crisis stage was not appropriately dealt with by Toyota, and the firm was thrust into an acute crisis that has now evolved into a chronic crisis. A brief overview of the historical development of Toyota is presented, and an analysis of the present crisis situation in which the firm found itself is presented in some detail.

    Findings – It was concluded that Toyota is now in a very difficult position in the chronic crisis stage due to the failure of its management to facilitate a timely response to the malfunctions of its vehicles.






    :: مرتبط با: فروش مقاله علمی اقتصادی ısı , مقاله اقتصادی انگلیسی ısı پولی , اقتصاد سیاسی ، سیاست اقتصادی ، دولت ısı , مطالعات فرهنگی اقتصادی isi , مطالعات اجتماعی اقتصادی ısı , اقتصاد صنعت , اقتصاد بازار ، بورس ، کسب و کار، سرمایه ، بازاریابی ، بخش خصوصی ısı , اقتصاد صنعت خودر سازی ,
    :: برچسب‌ها: Anatomy of crisis management: lessons from the infamous Toyota Case ,
    ن : امیر صادقی
    ت : دوشنبه 9 اردیبهشت 1392
    خدادادكاشی فرهاد*
     
    * دانشگاه پیام نور
     
     

    اگر چه اقتصاددانان و كارآفرینان با مقوله صرفه های مقیاس و تاثیر آن بر هزینه متوسط و قیمت آشنا بودند اما تا دهه 30، نظریه منسجم و مستدلی برای آن تدوین نشده بود. بسیاری از اقتصاددانان از صرفه های مقیاس به عنوان ملاك عملی برای تشخیص درجه رقابت یا انحصاری بودن بازارها استفاده می كنند. در این مقاله، ضمن معرفی جنبه های نظری صرفه های مقیاس، میزان برخورداری بازارهای صنعتی ایران از صرفه های مقیاس ارزیابی می شود. یافته های ما بر آن دلالت دارند كه اقتصاد ایران به دلیل كوچك بودن از صرفه های مقیاس برخوردار نبوده است. علاوه بر این شواهد تجربی، ناسازگاری بین صرفه های مقیاس و رقابت در بازارهای صنعتی ایران را تایید می كنند. هم چنین، با افزایش اندازه بنگاه و نزدیك شدن به سطح تولید بهینه (MES)، نرخ بازده افزایش می یابد.

     
    كلید واژه: 
     
     



    :: مرتبط با: مقاله اقتصادی فارسی ısı رایگان , اقتصاد توسعه و رشد ، گردشگری ، , اقتصاد صنعت , اقتصاد کلان ısı ,
    :: برچسب‌ها: صرفه های مقیاس در اقتصاد ایران: مورد بخش صنعت , مقالات اقتصادی ,
    ن :
    ت : شنبه 7 اردیبهشت 1392
     
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